Diabetes Prevention and Management
Diabetes, also called diabetes mellitus, refers to a group of metabolic diseases in which the sufferer has high blood glucose either due to inadequate insulin production or inability of the cells in the body to respond to insulin properly or both. People who have high blood sugar will often experience frequent urination and will become increasingly hungry and thirsty.
Classifications of Diabetes
There are two classifications of diabetes.
- Type 1 diabetes.
This is an autoimmune disease, thus, the immune system of the body attacks and destroys its beta cells although it is normally meant to protect the body from infection by destroying harmful foreign substances like bacteria and viruses. Thus, diabetes takes place if there’s insufficient insulin as the pancreas’ insulin-producing beta cells are destroyed. Often this type of diabetes arises in kids and younger adults, though it can be experienced by people of any age. Type 1 diabetes can be caused by the following.
- Genetic susceptibility.
Heredity is a factor in determining the likelihood of a person to develop type 1 diabetes. A lot of genes passed down from the parent to his child can be important to determine a person’s susceptibility to type 1 diabetes and protection from it.
- Environmental factors.
These factors include environmental toxins and consumed food. Environmental factors can trigger the attack of the immune system on beta cells.
- Infections and viruses.
Although viruses alone cannot cause this type of diabetes, there has been a link between type 1 diabetes diagnosis and infections. Also, this diabetes usually develops during the winter, the time of the year when viral infections are quite common.
- Type 2 diabetes.
An individual who has type 2 diabetes cannot use insulin effectively and cannot produce enough insulin to compensate for the inability to utilize insulin. This diabetes is common in overweight middle-aged and seniors. But, it can also be experienced by obese kids and adolescents. Causes of type 2 diabetes include.
- Genetic susceptibility.
In terms of susceptibility to type 2 diabetes, genes are an essential factor. This is evident in the high rate of this type of diabetes in families.
- Physical inactivity.
If a person’s caloric intake is higher than his level of physical activity, this can result in obesity, causing insulin resistance. There is no problem with having a high caloric intake as long as the person keeps himself physically active.
- Insulin resistance.
This is common among those who have excess abdominal fat, overweight, and not physically active. These factors prevent the liver from effectively responding to insulin enabling the pancreas to be stimulated to produce additional insulin.
There is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes; however, type 2 diabetes can be prevented through healthy lifestyle choices.
- Being more physically active.
It is important to have around thirty minutes of moderate physical activity on a daily basis. It can help to take the stairs rather than the elevator. Also, a relaxing swim following a long day at work can be considered.
- Maintain a healthy diet.
To prevent diabetes, it’s vital to reduce intake of foods which are high in fat content and calories. Whole grains, vegetables, and fruits are the best options along with lean meats.
- Take medications.
There are oral medications available to help in preventing the onset of type 2 diabetes. Such drugs include Glumetza and Glucophage.
Before the discovery of insulin, diabetes used to be deadly. However, with advances in medical knowledge and technology, diabetics can now lead a normal life. Diabetes management is aimed at keeping blood glucose levels, cholesterol levels, and blood pressure levels under control. And a healthy lifestyle and insulin intake are necessary to achieve this. In terms of insulin intake, Bella Care Home, an assisted living facility in Clovis, California, wants to emphasize the importance of balancing it with the amount of food consumed. Also, a person’s physical activity level impacts the quantity and timing of insulin a person has to take.
Blogs, content and other media uploaded online are for informational purposes only. Contents on this website should not be considered medical advice. Readers are strongly encouraged to visit their physician for health-related issues.
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